Features of A Greek Morphology

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Features of A Greek Morphology 2017-06-12T21:31:10+00:00
  • 196 verbs, 113 Nouns, and 35 adjectives and pronouns are laid out in easy to access charts and tables.
  • An English to Greek index for finding many common verbs.
  • Verbs in the index are presented with both aorist and continuative infinitives.
  • Real forms are used. Infinitives in the index appear as ποιῆσαι ποιεῖν and  γαπῆσαι  γαπᾶν. In the tables one finds the forms that are in use, like ἐποίει ‘was doing’ and  γαπῶ ‘I love’. These are the forms that need to be inside a language user’s thoughts at the starting point for thinking in the language.
  • The tables are alphabetized according to the aorist infinitive, wherever in use. Rare verbs without an aorist, like εἶναι ‘to be’ and κεῖσθαι ‘to lie, be placed,’ are listed by the continuative.
  • Verbs are listed according to real usage. Thus, the equivalent of English ‘to stand’ is στῆναι ἑστάναι. ‘To stand up’ is  ναστῆναι  νίστασθαι. ‘To set up, stand something, place upright’ is given in a separate table as στῆσαι ἱστάναι.
  • Verbs are listed idiomatically according to the ‘voice’ (διάθεσις) in common usage and the meanings given are for that voice. There is no confusion of ‘deponents’ and artificial forms. Where a verb is commonly used in both active and middle voices, two tables are provided.
  • Tables are full and are not limited to occurrences in the Greek NT or LXX.
  • Verb tables are given according to standard forms in the Koiné period. Occasional Attic differences are footnoted or placed in smaller type.
  • Verbs are limited to attested vocabulary from authors like Josephus, Plutarch, and the Greek New Testament. Verbs from Homer and Epic poetry are not included.
  • Subjunctive aorists and continuatives are listed in one column to represent one function.
  • Optative aorists and continuatives are included in one column to represent one function.
  • Future infinitives and participles are included.
  • Tables of verbs include an example of usage in context from an ancient text.
  • A summary of ‘dual’ forms is including as one verb table.
  • A summary verb chart is given for λῦσαι.
  • Additional summary tables are provided for each separate tense.
  • All the basic noun patterns and adjective patterns are provided so that the work is a fairly complete, practical morphology of Greek.

The book is a work in progress. Some of the verb tables have restricted examples without optatives or expanded perfects. These will be filled out in future editions.